Show simple item record Engs, Ruth Clifford en 2014-05-04T17:30:27Z en 2014-05-04T17:30:27Z en 1991-04-27 en
dc.identifier.citation Engs, R. (1991) ROMANIZATION AND DRINKING NORMS: A MODEL TO EXPLAIN DIFFERENCES IN WESTERN SOCIETY. Paper presented: Society of American Archaeology Annual Meeting, New Orleans, April 27, 1991. Retrieved from IUScholarWorks at en
dc.identifier.uri en
dc.description Model to explain the etiology of southern and northern European drinking cultures and norms and the influence of the Roman Empire. Related articles on origins of drinking patterns and attitudes in western Europe from antiquity, its continued influence on modern society including American Prohibition cycles, alcohol control policies, attitudes and beverage preferences due to religion, climate, and European homeland can be found at the following IUScholarWorks links: ;;;;;; en
dc.description.abstract A striking difference in drinking practices and attitudes between various western cultures and nations, particularly in western Europe between the north and south is found.. These differences do not appear to be just a modern phenomenon. The purpose of this paper is to propose a model which explains the origins of these divergent cultural norm in modern western European society and the influence of the Roman Empire. From antiquity, distinctly different practices and attitudes concerning alcohol consumption developed in the northern and in the Mediterranean areas of western Europe. During the expansion of the Roman Empire, rural areas of west central Europe became Romanized. As a part of this process, indigenous inhabitants adopted some customs from urban Roman culture, including wine drinking with meals. When Rome's influence declined in the west, former provinces which retained Roman culture also retained drinking patterns characterized by moderation. The Germanic cultures beyond the Rhine, untouched by direct Roman influence, continued their traditional heavy, feast drinking patterns. Ale and mead, not wine, were the preferred alcoholic beverages. Britain lost its veneer of Romanization and returned to pre Roman Celtic practices, while Gaul integrated some aspects of northern drinking into its predominantly southern patterns. These patterns solidified during the early Middle Ages and became the underlying norms for the cultures overlaying these areas into modern times. en
dc.rights This work is licensed for reuse under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial license. for permission to reuse this work for commercial purposes, please contact Dr. Ruth Engs or IU Archives. en
dc.subject History, drinking patterns, drinking cultures, Northern European, Southern European, alcohol, Roman Empire, drinking, Mediterranean, Feast drinking, Nordic en
dc.type Presentation en
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