by Gary Wiggins


                     Head, Chemistry Library



     Much  of the planning for future computing  applications  in


the  IU Libraries system is directed toward allowing  information


which  is  accessible  in  or through the  library  to  be  fully


transportable  to the user's workstation.  Information  found  in


traditional  printed library materials (as well as data from  on-


site  and  remote databases) should in the future be as  easy  to


take with you in computer-readable form as a photocopy is today.


     It  is  with  electronic formats  of  information  that  the


Libraries will have the greatest and most far-reaching impact  on


research at IU over the next decade.  All library service  points


should  have  user workstations which provide the  capability  to


access  remote or on-site databases and download data in  a  form


which allows the researcher to easily incorporate the information


into  a research or teaching project.  The minimum  configuration


of     equipment    includes    a    dedicated     microcomputer,


telecommunications device, software, optical scanner with optical


character recognition capabilities, a printer, and other hardware


as needed.  Such library user workstations will soon be needed in


numbers  roughly equivalent to the number of  photocopy  machines


currently in the libraries.


A. The Libraries Automation Project.


     Within  two  years  the  fruits  of  the  massive  Libraries


automation project, based on the Northwestern University software


NOTIS, will begin to be seen.  The automation project is a multi-


million dollar endeavor to provide five computer-based components


which are not currently available in the libraries system.  These


are an online public access catalog, a serials control system,  a


circulation  control  system, a book acquisitions system,  and  a


non-public catalog (including authority files).  The contract has


recently been signed for the NOTIS system, and the initial  $1.12


million to initiate the project has been received from a  special


appropriation  administered  by  the  Indiana  Higher   Education


Commission.   The system is being implemented on the  Information


Services' IBM computer.


     The  ultimate  goal of the library  automation  projects  in


Indiana  is to link all academic libraries and to provide  better


access  to  the materials to all citizens of  the  state.   Since


1976,  the  IU Libraries system has cataloged  books  through  an


online bibliographic utility called OCLC.  IU also uses the  OCLC


interlibrary loan subsystem to identify libraries throughout  the


nation  from which to borrow materials.  It is through OCLC  that


we  share  cataloging records with other libraries,  thus  saving


enormous  numbers  of man-hours to catalog materials.   The  OCLC


archival  tapes  for  IU also provide the  database  of  records,


including  holdings  of journals, which will be loaded  into  the


NOTIS  system.   Thus,  successful  implementation  of  NOTIS  is


dependent to a large extent on the continued use of OCLC.


     Libraries and departments should be equipped to take maximum


advantage  of  the NOTIS system.  Information Services  and  BACS


have  established  a bridge which will permit users  to  dial  in


through  remote terminals or microcomputers using BACS  accounts. 


For  library  use  direct  linkages  will be provided through  the


twisted  pair telephone jacks to be installed next summer.  



B. Databases Offered Through BACS/Other Database Searching.


     Plans  are underway to lease large bibliographic  and  other


types  of  databases  and mount them for searching  on  the  BACS


computer system.  The Libraries are responsible for selecting and


funding  the databases; BACS is to select and fund  the  database


search  software.   While these databases will be  accessible  to


anyone  through  the campus Ethernet network, they will  also  be


available through public-use microcomputers in the Libraries.  It


is  possible  that  the software which has been  leased  for  the


Libraries  automation project (the NOTIS software) will  be  used


for  this  service.  BACS will support at least one  PC  database


search software package such as AskSam for local manipulation  of


downloaded records.


     There  are  other avenues to database  searching  which  are


being  explored.   These include the use  of  front-end  software


systems  like  STN  Express and  Grateful  Med.   Such  front-end


software   eliminates  the  need  for  the  user  to  learn   the


complicated  logon sequences and command-driven search  languages


of the database vendors. 


C. CD-ROM Databases


     There are many databases in the Libraries in CD-ROM  format. 


These   include  databases  corresponding  to  Books  in   Print,


Dissertation  Abstracts, Index Medicus, Psychological  Abstracts,


etc.   CD-ROM  databases  generally come with  their  own  search


software.   As  presently configured, they  require  a  dedicated


microcomputer  and  CD-ROM player.  All of the  CD-ROM  databases


have  hefty  price tags, but they can be very cost  effective  in


information  retrieval.   It  is possible  to  provide  networked


access  from  multiple  sites  to  CD-ROM  files.   Products  are


beginning to appear which serve this purpose.  One is them is the


CD  Net/CD Server product line from Meridian Data.  CD Server  is


available in an Ethernet model and will handle from one to  seven


CD ROM drives. 


D. Document Delivery Services


     The  Libraries  are  moving toward  a  broad  definition  of


document  delivery  which  encompasses  the  use  of  appropriate


technology to deliver information in any format from the location


in which it is held to the user.  All science libraries on campus


plus  several  units at the Main Library now  are  equipped  with


telefacsimile  machines.  As more users purchase FAX  boards  for


their   PCs,   the  options  for   document   delivery   increase


dramatically.   Information  can  be scanned into  a  PC  at  the


library  and  transmitted into the user's PC via the  FAX  board. 


The Libraries should have high quality flatbed graphics  scanners


with  software  which allows them to serve as  optical  character


recognition  (OCR) systems.  Printing a scanned image requires  a


laser printer.  (A dot matrix printer, even at 150 dots per inch,


is  too  sparse to give a good finished product.)  To  work  with


graphics  in  this  manner really demands a  larger  286  or  386


computer; smaller machines are just too slow.


     Scanned  images  can easily be  imported  into  presentation


programs  like  Show Partner or the IBM PC  Storyboard.   As  the


OS/2's   Presentation   Manager  penetrates   the   market,   the


incorporation  of scanned images into word  processing  documents


and database records will become more routine.  For the immediate


future, the desktop scanner offers an attractive alternative.


E. Toward Broader Uses of the Materials Budget.


     Scholars  must  now  ask themselves how  often  they  should


realistically  expect  the  books,  journals,  or  other  printed


materials needed for their research or teaching to be  physically


housed  within  the  IU  Libraries  system.   It  is  clear  that


comprehensive   collections  can  no  longer  be  built  at   IU. 


Therefore,  clear guidelines need to be formulated for the  level


of  research  materials  which will be  provided  within  the  IU


Libraries  system  collections.  Then, it is  essential  that  no


differentiation  be  made among departments  or  disciplines  for


access  to  materials not locally owned.  The primary  avenue  to


such materials for some time to come will be document delivery of


printed  books,  copies of journal articles,  and  other  printed


materials obtained from sources outside the IU libraries  system. 


Increasingly,  however, this will involve the use  of  electronic


sources of information.  To cover the cost of these options  over


the  next  decade, the Libraries materials budgets  must  reserve


significant funds for other forms of information delivery.   This


would  cover most of the costs of traditional interlibrary  loan,


the use of commercial document suppliers, and electronic forms of





     The Libraries must see that scholars have the resources with


which  to  continue to do high-quality research and  teaching  at


Indiana  University.   By  utilizing  the  capabilities  of   the


computer,  we can be sure to make the most effective use  of  the


funds  available  to support the Libraries' contribution  to  the


research  and teaching efforts of the faculty.  In  that  manner,


the  computer promises to solidify the long-standing  partnership


between faculty and librarians.